It is also called Latin Rhythms because it’s a combination of various rhythms such as El Son, Salsa, Cumbia, Bachata, Samba, Mambo, Chá Chá, Chá, Rumba, Conga, Merengue, etc.
El Son: is considered as the grandfather of the majority of Latino Rhythms that we have today. El son, as it’s own genre, follows dancing at a more accelerated rhythm and is favorable/suitable for/ with new musical arrangements of Latino and foreign artists. The real boom of Son was born in the end of the 19th century in Havana and the Antilles.. The rhythm had accelerated a little and various artists of pop and rock were interested in doing new adaptations of the rhythm. The basic step consisted of a chassé with a suspension and two steps. There are turns and movements of the hands and hips.
Salsa: is the commonly used name to describe a mix of various styles of Cuban and Afro-Caribbean music. The name Salsa refers specifically to the particular genre that developed in the middle of the 1970s through Puerto Rico, Venezuela, Colombian and Cuban immigrants and Puerto Rican residents of New York (United States). The term is mistakenly used in occasions to describe any form of popular music derived from Cuban music (like El Son, Chá Chá Chá, and Mambo.)
La Cumbia: is a dance of African origin, whose roots are in El Cumbé, a typical dance of equatorial Guinea, which is very popular in Panamá, Venezuela and Perú and above all in Colombia, where it is considered a national dance.
La Bachata: is a musical genre of little significance, but is strongly rooted in lower classes and rural areas. Professional musicians, because of its lack of quality and artistic value, traditionally despised it. In spite of its principle characteristics, it has simple and repetitive tunes, such as simple verses and machisto themes.
El Cha Cha Cha: was created by the Cuban violinist and orchestra director, Enrique Jorrín in 1948, which resulted in his experimentations with the form, melody and rhythm of the danzón. It is neither very slow nor very rapid, which creates a genre that is danceable for all. In its origins, it was named a neodanzón. However, its current name was born with the help of the dancers who were inventing the dance that would connect with the rhythm (the rhythm of Cha- Cha-Cha which is characterized by a series of three rapid steps that occur in two beats of the rhythm). It was discovered that the feet produced a peculiar sound when grazing the floor, cha-cha-chá, La Rumba: Its origins were founded in Afro-Cuban folklore with a basic rhythm of quick-quick-slow in rhythm. Its principle characteristic is the oscillating movements of the hips.
Conga: A popular Cuban dance of African origin that has a syncopated rhythm and is accompanied with drums. The music accompanies costume carnivals. It originated in the festivities of Black slaves at the time
Merengue: is a musical style and dance that originated in the Caribbean. The Merengue has elements of the Mazurca and the European waltz, whose influence extended through Haiti, Venezuela and the Antillas, where it was accompanied by typical instruments such as la bordona, el cuatro, el seis and el doce, and more lately with the tambora, gourd, bandurria, and the accordion. According to some people, it was born as a Creole melody after the Battle of Talanquera, where they triumphed over the Dominicans.